Keratitis is a condition in which the eye’s cornea becomes inflamed, which can be a result of several different causes. Keratitis is typically superficial, and does not effect the eye long-term. On rare occasions, Keratitis is deeper in the eye, which can cause scarring and visual impairment. Symptoms of Keratitis are nearly always a red, inflamed cornea, which is typically irritating and painful.
Keratitis is typically caused by either a bacterial or viral pathogen. Common pathogen infections include Amoebic infection, standard bacterial infections, fungal infection, or viral infection related to the Herpes Symplex virus.
Additional to infections, Keratitis may be caused by arc-flash symptoms, severe allergic reactions, severe eye-dryness, or corneal ulcers often relating to malnutrition. Keratitis is also a symptom common among those suffering from River Blindness.
Keratitis Treatment and Prevention
Like all other eye diseases, treating Keratitis is dependent on identifying the underlying cause first.
For bacterial infections, it’s important to seek medical attention, as infections may spread rapidly. Prescription medications and antibiotics are frequently prescribed by optical professionals, which can kill whatever pathogen is infecting your eye.
The best overall way to prevent Keratitis is to practice good hygiene, regularly clean any contact lenses that are worn, and avoid touching the eyes as much as possible.