Hyperopia is an eye condition that is better known as being “farsighted”. Hyperopia is typically caused by a defect in the eye, resulting in the inability to focus on close-range objects. While Hyperopia is similar to Presbyopia, Presbyopia causes close-range vision loss due to reasons different than Hyperopia.
Hyperopia is primarily caused by deformation of the eyeball or the lens, resulting in a focal point that focuses closer than it should for optimal close-range vision. Hyperopia is generally a genetic condition, and can be present at birth for many children. Hyperopia may also manifest itself due to aging. While not common, eye injuries and diseases such as retinopathy may cause Hyperopia.
Hyperopia is usually treated via corrective lenses such as Eyeglasses and Contacts. Hyperopia may also be permanently treatable via corrective surgical procedures such as Lasik. In some cases, typically for those who’ve had Hyperopia from birth, their farsightedness may decrease or go away altogether as they age.
Many children who are born with Hyperopia do not experience the symptoms of farsightedness as their eyes are able to compensate for the refractive error caused by the mis-shapen eye. Hyperopia only manifests itself in cases like these when the eyes lose their ability to over-focus due to the aging process.