Photophobia is a condition in which the eyes are extra sensitive to light environments. People suffering from photophobia find it painful or irritating to look at even slightly bright light, which can be attributed to a wide variety of causes. Despite the word “phobia” being part of Photophobia’s name, the condition does not relate to a fear of light, but may be misunderstood by some as a more traditional “phobia” or fear.

Photophobia Causes

Photophobia is a relatively common symptom of a wide variety of medical and health conditions. Photophobia varies in acuteness depending on the underlying condition, and can be related to anything from corneal abrasions, to hangovers, to rabies, and to nervous system disorders. The most common cause of temporary and serious photophobia comes from migraine headaches and concussions.

Treatment of Photophobia

Since Photophobia isn’t related to a singular disease or condition, it’s important to talk to your doctor to find out the underlying cause of Photophobia. Photophobia can be a symptom of potentially serious medical conditions such as Meningitis, making it important to seek treatment as soon as possible.

Treatment of Photophobia symptoms typically involves avoiding bright light through the use of sunglasses, and by curing the underlying disease that causes Photophobia. For people who have a mild sensitivity to light, they may find taking ocular supplements such as lutein helpful in reducing glare and sensitivity to brightness.

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