Elderly Eye Problems
As one grows older, their eyes grow weaker and less elastic. After middle age, it’s very rare for people not to have experienced any vision problems, and usually any vision problems experienced earlier in life only grow worse as they grow older. There are also a few conditions that are specifically prevalent to older age, and not related to standard macular degeneration experienced throughout one’s life.
Eye Problems Experienced By Elderly
- Peripheral Vision Loss: Peripheral vision isn’t actually specific to the elderly, but typically isn’t noticeable until one is of old age. Peripheral vision starts degenerating gradually upon birth, but does so at a very slow rate. By old age however, it’s not uncommon to see 20-30% less than one did after birth. Peripheral vision loss makes driving more difficult, and requires one to look around further to see a greater field of vision.
- Decrease in Night Vision: Similar to peripheral vision loss, night vision decreases gradually through age, but isn’t usually noticeable until older age is reached. Night vision also makes driving at night more difficult, especially on roads that are not well-lit.
- Cataracts: Most people who live to old age will experience cataracts at some point. Typically occurring over the age of 60, cataracts are a clouding of the lens that can lead to permanent blindness if not accounted for. Cataracts can be treated through optical surgery, preventing further vision complication and blindness.
- Dry-Eye: Dry Eye becomes more common as one ages, and can be caused by decreased tear production, diluted tears, or complications of Lasik Surgery. Dry-Eye syndrome is much more common in post menopausal women, but is also frequent to smokers, or people who have a genetic predisposition to the condition.