Eye Disease and Injury Prevention

While most eye conditions and diseases are treatable, avoiding eye disease in the first place is always preferable. While many eye diseases occur naturally with age, eye injury and disease can frequently be prevented through proper lifestyle choices and healthy habits.

How to Prevent Eye Injury

Personal protective equipment for your eyes is critically important for preventing injury related to trauma, impact, contamination, or other environmental factors. Without protective eyewear, many jobs and recreational activities would be impossible to perform on a daily basis.

Additional to wearing protective equipment, it’s important to practice caution and safety on a daily basis. Splashes from hot liquid, debris from firework explosions, household cleaning sprays, prolonged viewing of excessively bright lights, and debris from items such as weed eaters, table saws and lawnmowers are all common causes of eye injury. Although they may seem innocuous, practicing caution with rubber bands, especially children who enjoy flinging bands at each other is important, as getting hit with a band in the eye can be painful, and potentially cause injury.

The most important facets to preventing eye injury are practicing caution, wearing proper equipment when participating in potentially hazardous activities, and being aware of potential causes of eye damage.

Preventing Eye Disease

Most eye disease results from natural, genetic causes. Despite this, there are still some preventative measures that can slow, prevent, or alleviate eye disease issues. The most important daily practice is preventing damage from ultra-violet radiation. Preventing damage from ultra violet light will keep free radicals from damaging your eyesight, assists in prevention of eye cancer, will prevent increased macular degeneration, and if wearing sunglasses, can make driving safer. Many companies manufacture contact lenses with built in UV protection as well, which can help prevent damaging effects without additional tint, although they shouldn’t be used as a replacement for polarized sunglasses as they still allow a low level of radiation to reach the eyes.

Many people have found that proper diet and supplementation can assist in disease prevention, slow down development of macular degeneration, and even assist in preventing cataracts, glaucoma, and optical cancer. Nutrients like Lutein, Vitamin A, along with a healthy and balanced diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables can be very beneficial not just for proper optical health, but overall health as well.

Computer vision syndrome is another common eye problem people experience, and it can lead to dry-eye, headaches, eye strain, and overall irritation. While computer vision syndrome (CVS) rarely leads to further complications, it can cause discomfort, stress, and even lead to a lower level of productivity at work. Computer glasses, making sure to  frequently blink, and making sure to look away occasionally to re-adjust eye focus can assist in preventing eye strain relating to computer and electronic usage.


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